Capacity and sexual relations: Fallout from Re JB – Doughty Street Chambers

‘In a judgment handed down on 23 February, Cobb J concluded that a young woman known as HD lacked capacity to engage in sexual relations. He was driven to this conclusion based on the new requirement set out in Re JB that a person with capacity to engage in sexual relations must be able to understand (and retain, use or weigh and communicate) the fact that the other person must have the capacity to consent to the sexual activity and must in fact consent before and throughout the sexual activity.’

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Doughty Street Chambers, 24th February 2021

Source: insights.doughtystreet.co.uk

Deprivation of liberty, family members and what s4B does (and doesn’t) say – Local Government Lawyer

‘A judge recently considered very strong objections levelled by a family member to the idea that they were depriving their adult child of their liberty. She also helpfully clarified the current (limited) scope of s.4B MCA 2005, writes Alex Ruck Keene.’

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Local Government Lawyer, 19th February 2021

Source: www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk

Court of Protection Newsletter – Spire Barristers

‘Welcome to the latest issue of Spire Barristers’ Public Law Newsletter covering news from around the web, practice updates and case reviews in Court of Protection and Public Law matters.’

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Spire Barristers, 10th February 2021

Source: spirebarristers.co.uk

Mental Health Act reforms aim to tackle high rate of black people sectioned – The Guardian

‘Reforms to the Mental Health Act will help tackle the disproportionate number of black people sectioned, the government has announced.’

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The Guardian, 13th January 2021

Source: www.theguardian.com

Aunt loses battle to be joined to Court of Protection proceedings – Local Government Lawyer

Posted December 17th, 2020 in carers, Court of Protection, joinder, learning difficulties, news by tracey

‘Confidential evidence meant a vulnerable woman’s maternal aunt should not be joined to proceedings about her welfare, the Court of Protection has ruled.’

Full Story

Local Government Lawyer, 17th December 2020

Source: www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk

It was “none of your business”, High Court judge tells council which refused to take part in mediation over EHC Plan because mother wanted to bring her lawyer – Local Government Lawyer

‘A mother was entitled to bring a lawyer to support her at a mediation of her dispute with Hillingdon Council about her son’s Education, Health and Care Plan and the local authority was in breach of its statutory duties by refusing to participate, a High Court judge has ruled.’

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Local Government Lawyer, 7th December 2020

Source: www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk

Child Trust Fund court fees waived for parents – Ministry of Justice

‘Parents or guardians of children who lack mental capacity can ask for court fees to be waived when seeking access to a Child Trust Fund, the government has announced today (1 December, 2020).’

Full press release

Ministry of Justice, 1st December 2020

Source: www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ministry-of-justice

‘Inhuman’ use of restraint on disabled adults – BBC News

Posted November 10th, 2020 in disabled persons, hospitals, learning difficulties, news, restraint by sally

‘Every 15 minutes, on average, a patient with learning disabilities was restrained in hospital last year, new BBC File on 4 analysis shows.’

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BBC News, 10th November 2020

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

‘Justice must be for all’: why court intermediaries are vital for vulnerable people – The Guardian

‘Concerns are growing that a service to help people follow court proceedings in England and Wales is to be privatised and deregulated.’

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The Guardian, 28th October 2020

Source: www.theguardian.com

Damning CQC report calls for improved community-based capacity, pooled budgets and new national specialist commissioner of complex care – Local Government Lawyer

‘A Care Quality Commission review has found “undignified and inhumane” care in some hospital settings providing complex care for autistic people, and people with a learning disability and/or mental health condition.’

Full Story

Local Government Lawyer, 26th October 2020

Source: www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk

CQC report: Care of people with learning disabilities ‘inhumane’ – BBC News

‘Too many hospitals for people with learning disabilities or autism are providing poor care which is, at times, undignified and inhumane, the care regulator for England has said.’

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BBC News, 23rd October 2020

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

Overarching principles: Sentencing offenders with mental disorders, developmental disorders, or neurological impairments – St Philips Barristers

‘The Sentencing Council’s guideline for sentencing offenders with mental disorders, developmental disorders, or neurological impairments came into force on 1 October 2020. The guideline applies only to offenders aged 18 and older, who are sentenced on or after 1 October 2020, regardless of the date of the offence. The applicable guideline for offenders under the age of 18 remains the Sentencing Children and Young People guideline, particularly section 11.1 to 1.14.’

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St Philips Barristers, 7th October 2020

Source: st-philips.com

‘He cannot cope’: More than 100,000 people call for deportation of severely autistic man to be halted – The Independent

Posted October 6th, 2020 in autism, deportation, Jamaica, learning difficulties, news by tracey

‘Brown, 21, is a severely autistic Jamaican-born UK resident who is currently in prison a two-and-a-half-hour drive from his mother’s home in Dudley. He is nearing the end of a five-year prison sentence, and faces removal to a country he hasn’t set foot in since he came to the UK aged four.’

Full Story

The Independent, 5th October 2020

Source: www.independent.co.uk

Communication, Education and Speech Difficulties in the Criminal Justice System – Oxford Human Rights Hub

Posted September 29th, 2020 in criminal justice, dyslexia, education, learning difficulties, news, prisons, statistics by sally

‘The level of educational achievement by incarcerated offenders in the UK is far lower than the average. In addition, 40-50% of prisoners assessed in John Rack’s research for the Dyslexia Institute (2005) were at or below levels of literacy and numeracy expected of an 11-year old. In 2007, the Prison Reform Trust reported that prison populations who showed serious deficits in literacy and numeracy reached up to 60% with a 30% dyslexia rate. This literacy problem extends to oral speech. People in the Criminal Justice System are ten times more likely to have a Speech and Communication Difficulty than members of the public. Research shows that 60% of young male offenders have a communication deficit as opposed to 3-10% of the general population (Available evidence for young female and adult offenders shows similarly high levels of speech-difficulties.) In the UK, low socio-economic status (SES), speech difficulty and school exclusions are co-morbid factors for offending. Having a speech difficulty also makes it near impossible for anyone with significant communication difficulties to navigate a legal system built upon excessive jargon without help. The criminal justice system must make structural interventions to protect the rights of persons with Speech and Communication Difficulty.’

Full Story

Oxford Human Rights Hub, 17th September 2020

Source: ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk

Report raises alarm over police detention of vulnerable suspects in England and Wales – The Guardian

‘Police officers detained and interviewed hundreds of thousands of vulnerable suspects last year in England and Wales in breach of mandatory safeguards, according to the body that sets standards for those who support vulnerable adults in police custody.’

Full Story

The Guardian, 28th September 2020

Source: www.theguardian.com

Capacity and Serious Medical Treatment – Pump Court Chambers

‘This case concerned a young woman, K, who was assessed to lack capacity. K was diagnosed with cancer. The proposed treatment was “complex”, “intrusive” and was described as a “life-altering complexion”.’

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Pump Court Chambers, 6th August 2020

Source: www.pumpcourtchambers.com

British trafficking victim sues Priti Patel alleging abuse of personal data – The Guardian

‘A British victim of trafficking is bringing a case against the home secretary, Priti Patel, arguing that her department unlawfully accessed personal information including details of her intimate thoughts.’

Full Story

The Guardian, 30th July 2020

Source: www.theguardian.com

Council loses High Court battle over level of support for disabled young woman – Local Government Lawyer

‘The London Borough of Southwark has lost a High Court case over a disabled young woman’s care plan after a judge found aspects of the council’s case to be materially flawed or erroneous.’

Full Story

Local Government Lawyer, 30th July 2020

Source: www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk

Clearer guidelines issued in UK for sentencing offenders with mental health disorders – The Guardian

‘Clearer guidelines have been published for courts sentencing offenders who have schizophrenia, depression or other mental disorders.’

Full Story

The Guardian, 22nd July 2020

Source: www.theguardian.com

A Local Authority v JB [2020] EWCA Civ 735 – Pump Court Chambers

‘In this recent decision the Court of Appeal has arguably reset the last 15 years of jurisprudence surrounding P’s capacity in regards of sexual relations. The previous case law focused on P’s ability to consent to such relations, and whether P understood the information relevant to that decision. Traditionally the ‘information relevant’ analysis took a protectionist stance, considering whether P understood the risks or pregnancy or sexual disease etc. This decision however makes it clear that information relevant to the decision, also includes the ability to understand the importance of a partner consenting to such relations.’

Full Story

Pump Court Chambers, 23rd June 2020

Source: www.pumpcourtchambers.com