Supreme Court: What happened in the suspension of Parliament case? – BBC News

‘This was no ordinary court case. The battle in the Supreme Court over the shutdown of Parliament is a historic test of the powers of the prime minister, MPs and the courts.’

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BBC News, 19th September 2019

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

Jeff King: Miller/Cherry and Remedies for Ultra Vires Delegated Legislation – UK Constitutional Law Association

‘The issue of remedies for any finding that the 2019 prorogation of the UK Parliament is unlawful is presently under discussion in pleadings in the joined appeals of Miller No.2 and Joanna Cherry MP (and others) in the Supreme Court. Essentially, the question concerns what must occur if the minister’s advice is found unlawful, and what is the effect of ‘declaring’ the Order in Council which authorized the prorogation of Parliament to be ultra vires. Does it mean prorogation never legally happened? Should Parliament have been in session all along? How is any summoning or recall to take effect?’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 19th September 2019

Source: ukconstitutionallaw.org

Stephen Tierney: Prorogation and the Courts: A Question of Sovereignty – UK Constitutional Law Association

‘The request made by the Privy Council that the Queen prorogue Parliament was a clumsy and inappropriate attempt to shorten the time available for parliamentary scrutiny of the Brexit process. That much seems clear from papers submitted to the Court of Session in Cherry. It is therefore no surprise that the Inner House was receptive to the petitioners’ argument that the advice given to Her Majesty violated the conventional purposes for which prorogation ought to be used and was therefore unconstitutional (Cherry, [1]; see also Lord Sumption). Where the court erred was in concluding that the act of prorogation was itself unlawful. The intimate relationship between the prerogative power to prorogue and the supremacy of Parliament precludes such a conclusion. If, as seems correct, a response to this breach of convention is warranted, it is one that can, constitutionally, only come from Parliament itself.’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 17th September 2019

Source: ukconstitutionallaw.org

A Tale of Two Judgments: Scottish Court of Session rules prorogation of Parliament unlawful, but High Court of England and Wales begs to differ – UK Human Rights Blog

‘The Scottish Court of Session (Inner House) today ruled that the Prime Minister’s advice to the Queen to prorogue Parliament was unlawful. The High Court of England and Wales today handed down its judgment on the same issue – and came to the opposite conclusion.’

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UK Human Rights Blog, 11th September 2019

Source: ukhumanrightsblog.com

Alan Greene: Miller 2, Non-justiciability and the Danger of Legal Black Holes – UK Constitutional Law Association

‘In R (Miller) and Others v The Prime Minister (hereinafter Miller No.2), the High Court of England and Wales found that the decision of the Prime Minister to advise the Queen to prorogue parliament was non-justiciable. In doing so, the judgment reveals the propensity of the judiciary to be much more protective of its own empire than that of the legislature. Ultimately, however, it is an approach that undermines both due to the creation of a legal black hole.’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 13th September 2019

Source: ukconstitutionallaw.org

In defence of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act – UCL Constitution Unit

‘The Fixed-term Parliaments Act has come in for a lot of criticism of late, but is it as badly designed and drafted as some commentators would have us believe? The House of Lords Constitution Committee recently commenced an inquiry into the effectiveness of the Act to seek answers to this question. Robert Hazell and Nabila Roukhamieh-McKinna explain the background to the inquiry, and some of the key issues being addressed.’

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UCL Constitution Unit , 23rd September 2019

Source: constitution-unit.com

Brexit: Scottish judges rule Parliament suspension is unlawful – BBC News

‘Boris Johnson’s suspension of the UK Parliament is unlawful, Scotland’s highest civil court has ruled.’

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BBC News, 11th September 2019

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

Brexit: Judge rejects parliament shutdown legal challenge – BBC News

‘A Scottish judge has rejected a bid to have Boris Johnson’s plan to shut down parliament ahead of Brexit declared illegal.’

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BBC News, 4th September 2019

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

Article: The legal challenge to proroguing Parliament – what is happening in the Scottish Courts? – UKSC Blog

‘In this article, UKSC Blog editor, Emma Boffey, an associate at CMS based in Scotland, writes on the Scottish legal challenge to the proroguing of the UK Parliament: a case widely expected to head to the UK Supreme Court in the coming weeks.’

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UKSC Blog, 2nd September 2019

Source: ukscblog.com

Jacob Rowbottom: Political Purposes and the Prorogation of Parliament – UK Constitutional Law Association

‘While the prorogation of Parliament has generated political controversy, constitutional lawyers are asking whether the government acted legally in advising the Monarch. The legal challenges to the prorogation will face a number of hurdles. Even if the prerogative power is justiciable, there are difficult questions in identifying the specific legal issue. When writing about a potential challenge in June, Lord Pannick stated that one legal objection is that ‘the prime minister would be seeking to prorogue parliament for the purpose of avoiding parliamentary sovereignty on an issue of significant constitutional importance’. This post will explore a related line of argument, which focuses on proroguing Parliament as a means to avoid political accountability (so the argument does not rely on the language of sovereignty). The starting point in the line of argument is that the prorogation will to some degree hinder Parliament in whatever it wants to do in the period immediately prior to Britain exiting the EU. That goes beyond the potential to enact legislation or pass a motion of no confidence, and also includes the ordinary channels of political accountability and scrutiny of government.’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 3rd September 2019

Source: ukconstitutionallaw.org

Prorogation: Constitutional Principle and Law, Fact and Causation – Oxford Human Rights Hub

‘The Prime Minister’s recent announcement that Parliament would be prorogued, thereby severely curtailing the opportunity for parliamentary debate, raises important issues of constitutional principle and law, and also issues concerning fact and causation. They are examined in turn.’

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Oxford Human Rights Hub, 31st August 2019

Source: ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk

Playing Hardball with the Queen – Oxford Human Rights Hub

Posted September 2nd, 2019 in bills, brexit, constitutional law, Crown, news, parliament, prerogative powers by sally

‘The idea of constitutional hardball was introduced to the world by Mark Tushnet. The sport is played when political actors decide the stakes are so high that any lawful action is justified, no matter how constitutionally problematic: hardball stays within the confines of the law, but runs against the spirit, and sometimes the conventions, of the constitution.’

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Oxford Human Rights Hub, 31st August 2019

Source: ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk

Proroguing parliament sets a horrifying precedent. I’m going to court to stop it – Gina Miller – The Guardian

‘Other dictatorial moves may follow if Boris Johnson’s ruse is allowed to pass. The high court must listen to our case against it.’

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The Guardian, 29th August 2019

Source: www.theguardian.com

Judge refuses to halt Parliament suspension plans ahead of full hearing – BBC News

Posted August 30th, 2019 in brexit, injunctions, judges, news, parliament, prerogative powers, royal prerogative by sally

‘A Scottish judge has refused to order a temporary halt to Boris Johnson’s plan to shut down the UK Parliament.’

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BBC News, 30th August 2019

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

Parliament suspension: What was the Queen’s role? – BBC News

‘It is most unlikely we will ever get any authoritative insight into what the Queen thought about the prime minister’s request for her to suspend Parliament.’

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BBC News, 29th August 2019

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

Parliament had failed on Brexit long before this prorogation – The Guardian

‘MPs had three years to come up with an alternative to no deal – and they failed.’

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The Guardian, 29th August 2019

Source: www.theguardian.com

What is a judicial review and can it stop a no-deal Brexit? – BBC News

Posted July 11th, 2019 in brexit, judicial review, news, parliament, prerogative powers by sally

‘Sir John Major has said he will seek a judicial review should Boris Johnson become Tory leader and suspend Parliament in order to deliver a no-deal Brexit. But, just what is a judicial review?’

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BBC News, 10th July 2019

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

To shut down parliament would be simple. But it would be an outrage – The Guardian

‘The next prime minister will have the power to prevent MPs blocking a no-deal Brexit, though would he or she dare close the Commons for three months?’

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The Guardian, 13th June 2019

Source: www.theguardian.com

Stefan Theil: Unconstitutional Prorogation – UK Constitutional Law Association

‘Parliament voted on the evening of 1 April in a series of indicative votes to determine what, if any, alternative plan for withdrawal from the European Union could command the support of the House of Commons: all plans put forward again failed to command a majority. In a recent intervention, John Finnis has suggested that the government should prorogue Parliament until after 12 April in order to terminate the current parliamentary debate. Mark Elliott has offered a critique of the broader implications of this argument, namely the claim that such a course of action would be ‘(…) wholly legitimate as a matter of constitutional principle.’ Elliott concludes that parliamentary control of the process is entirely legitimate and in keeping with the British constitution. This piece adds to this analysis by elaborating why the prorogation Finnis advocates under these specific circumstances would be, as Elliott summarily puts it, ‘(…) an argument for unconstitutional action on the part of the Government.’ The piece develops a twofold argument: first, that ministerial advice tendered to seek a prorogation of Parliament under these circumstances is unconstitutional and that the Monarch should disregard it as a matter of constitutional convention; and second that holding otherwise would in effect grant the Prime Minister an unqualified veto over parliamentary business, leaving the government in an unconscionable position of power over the sovereign Parliament. Such an outcome would be fundamentally at odds with British parliamentary democracy, especially principles of democracy and representative and responsible government.’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 3rd April 2019

Source: ukconstitutionallaw.org

Stephen Tierney: The Legislative Supremacy of Government – UK Constitutional Law Association

Posted July 4th, 2018 in bills, brexit, constitutional law, EC law, news, parliament, prerogative powers by sally

‘At the same time as Parliament prepares to ‘take back control’ from Brussels, the executive is in fact accruing to itself further control over the legislative process. In this post I address a number of trends – only some of which are a direct consequence of the unique circumstances of Brexit – which suggest a deeper realignment of institutional power within the constitution and a consequent diminution of Parliament’s legislative power.’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 3rd July 2018

Source: ukconstitutionallaw.org