Nick Barber, Tom Hickman and Jeff King: Pulling the Article 50 ‘Trigger’: Parliament’s Indispensable Role – UK Constitutional Law Association

‘In this post we argue that as a matter of domestic constitutional law, the Prime Minister is unable to issue a declaration under Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty – triggering our withdrawal from the European Union – without having been first authorised to do so by an Act of the United Kingdom Parliament. Were he to attempt to do so before such a statute was passed, the declaration would be legally ineffective as a matter of domestic law and it would also fail to comply with the requirements of Article 50 itself.’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 27th June 2016

Source: www.ukconstitutionallaw.org

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Part 36 uplift for beating offer includes contractual interest, High Court rules – Litigation Futures

‘The 10% uplift claimants receive for beating their part 36 offer includes contractual interest on the sum won at trial, the High Court has ruled.’

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Litigation Futures, 27th June 2016

Source: www.litigationfutures.com

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Conflicts of interest – Law Society’s Gazette

‘In the recent decision of W Ltd v M SDN BHD [2016] EWHC 422, Knowles J considered a challenge by the claimant of an arbitral award on the grounds of ‘serious irregularity’ under section 68(2) of the Arbitration Act 1996. That section provides that ‘serious irregularity’ means an irregularity ‘which the court considers has caused or will cause substantial injustice to the applicant’. The claimant alleged apparent bias on behalf of the sole arbitrator, H, based on alleged conflict of interest.’

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Law Society’s Gazette, 27th June 2016

Source: www.lawgazette.co.uk

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EAT: workers must be engaged in ‘principal purpose’ immediately before TUPE transfer – OUT-LAW.com

‘Whether a group of workers consists of an “organised grouping” which will automatically transfer to a new service provider when the work that they do is taken over by that provider will depend on their activities “immediately before” the transfer, the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) has confirmed.’

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OUT-LAW.com, 17th June 2016

Source: www.out-law.com

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BNY Mellon Corporate Trustee Services Ltd v LBG Capital No 1 plc and another – WLR Daily

Posted June 17th, 2016 in banking, contracts, interpretation, law reports, trusts by tracey

BNY Mellon Corporate Trustee Services Ltd v LBG Capital No 1 plc and another [2016] UKSC 29

‘In March 2009, the financial services regulatory authority conducted a stress test of a banking group against the then applicable benchmark of a ratio of core tier 1 (“CT1”) capital to risk-weighted assets. The test demonstrated a shortage of capital. As a result, the defendants, two wholly-owned subsidiaries of the group, issued contingent convertible securities, described as enhanced capital notes. The notes, which carried a relatively high rate of interest, were not redeemable until specified maturity dates between 2019 and 2032 unless they were converted into shares on the occurrence of a conversion trigger, being any time when the group’s CT1 ratio fell below 5%, or they were redeemed early by the group on the occurrence of a capital disqualification event. Under clause 19 of the notes’ terms and conditions, contained in the trust deed, a capital disqualification event was deemed to have occurred if the notes ceased to be taken into account for the purposes of any stress test applied by the regulatory authority in respect of the group’s “consolidated CT1 ratio”. In 2013 regulatory changes replaced CT1 capital with a more restrictive category, common equity tier 1 (“CET1”) capital. The regulatory authority announced that the notes would now need to have a trigger for conversion higher than 5.125% CET1 in order to count as core capital but, under the terms of the notes, conversion would only be triggered if the group’s CET1 ratio fell to 1%. In December 2014 the regulatory authority carried out a stress test which did not take into account the notes and, as a result, the group announced that a capital disqualification event had occurred and that it was entitled to redeem the notes. The claimant trustee, on behalf of the note holders, sought a declaration that a capital disqualification event had not occurred, contending that the December 2014 stress test was not relevant for the purposes of clause 19 because it had been conducted by reference to a CET1 ratio rather than a consolidated CT1 ratio and that, alternatively, the fact that the notes had not been taken into account in the December 2014 stress test was not enough to trigger a capital disqualification event, rather the notes had to have been disallowed in principle from being taken into account for the purposes of the tier 1 ratio. The judge rejected the trustee’s first argument but accepted the second argument and declared that a capital disqualification event had not occurred. On the defendants’ appeal, the Court of Appeal, in construing the trust deed, took into account statements in the exchange offer memorandum, a letter from the group’s chairman and documents issued by the regulatory authority at and before the time at which the notes had been issued, and it allowed the appeal, holding that a capital disqualification event had occurred and that, therefore, the defendants were entitled to redeem the notes.’

WLR daily, 16th June 2016

Source: www.iclr.co.uk

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Hold Me Close, I’m an Academic – Panopticon

‘If I am an extremely well-regarded academic at Cambridge (don’t snigger at the back, I could be) and due to my eminence I do some unpaid voluntary work for a major international group (here, the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change), the work in relation to which I do over my university email account, are those emails held by the University under the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 (“EIR”)?’

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Panopticon, 10th June 2016

Source: www.panopticonblog.com

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A series of unfortunate events – Hardwicke Chambers

Posted June 2nd, 2016 in holidays, insurance, interpretation, law firms, negligence, news, solicitors by sally

‘Judges occasionally lighten their judgments with literary references. The quotation from Alice in Wonderland “Words mean what I want them to mean” is a favourite in cases involving the interpretation of contracts, and Shakespeare appears fairly regularly.’

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Hardwicke Chambers, 23rd May 2016

Source: www.hardwicke.co.uk

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Human Rights and Property Litigation: some general concepts – Falcon Chambers

‘In this talk we introduce you to some of the concepts that you need to be familiar with when dealing with human rights under the European Convention of Human Rights (“ECHR”) as incorporated into our domestic law by the Human Rights Act 1998 (“HRA”).’

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Falcon Chambers, May 2016

Source: www.falcon-chambers.com

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Richard Kirkham: JR55: Five Activist Strategies a Judge Should Avoid – UK Constitutional Law Association

‘The ruling of the Supreme Court in JR55 raises a host of issues which deserve a much fuller analysis than can be developed in this post. The best reading of the case is that its impact is largely isolated to the Northern Ireland Commissioner for Complaints scheme involved, an ombudsman scheme which closed on 1st April as a result of the Public Services Ombudsman Act (Northern Ireland) 2016.’

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UK Constitutional Law Association, 30th May 2016

Source: www.ukconstitutionallaw.org

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Court of Appeal: SDLT not payable by company using Shari’a finance scheme – OUT-LAW.com

‘Project Blue Limited (PBL) was not liable for stamp duty land tax (SDLT) in respect of its acquisition of the former Chelsea Barracks by means of a Shari’a finance scheme, the Court of Appeal has ruled.’

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OUT-LAW.com, 31st May 2016

Source: www.out-law.com

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Senior EU lawyer backs workplace ban on Muslim headscarves – The Guardian

‘Companies should be free to ban Muslim women from wearing headscarves at work if they have a general policy barring all religious and political symbols, a senior EU lawyer has said.’

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The Guardian, 31st May 2016

Source: www.guardian.co.uk

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Bereavement damages: Unmarried Chorley woman’s legal fight – BBC News

‘A woman is taking the government to court for breaching her human rights in denying her bereavement damages after her partner died.’

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BBC News, 22nd May 2016

Source: www.bbc.co.uk

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Using the courts to silence the press abuses our freedoms and makes our judges look foolish – Daily Telegraph

‘I recently wrote on these pages criticising celebrity injunctions taken out to gag English newspapers, even when the stories were freely reported in other countries. The expensive celebrity game reminded me, I wrote, of the Spycatcher farce and the series of trials during which Margaret Thatcher tried to prevent British newspapers from publishing extracts from Peter Wright’s MI5 memoir, despite the book being freely obtainable outside England.’

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Daily Telegraph, 22nd May 2016

Source: www.telegraph.co.uk

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A judge-shaming list is bad for justice – The Guardian

‘Judges shouldn’t be frightened to set precedents. A list of those that have “gone too far” – including over a Guardian freedom of information request on the Prince of Wales’s letters – risks deterring justice.’

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The Guardian, 12th May 2016

Source: www.guardian.co.uk

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What’s really in the bests interests of children from other European countries involved in care proceedings? – Family Law Week

‘Sarah Phillimore, barrister, of St John’s Chambers considers the ‘best interests’ test under Article 15 of Brussels IIR in the light of the Supreme Court’s judgment in Re N.’

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Family Law Week, 6th May 2016

Source: www.familylawweek.co.uk

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Credit Hire – Defendant Entitled To Summary Judgment When Claimant Could Not Establish Need – Zenith PI Blog

‘HHJ Armstrong refused the Claimant’s application for permission to appeal the decision of District Judge Read that the Defendant was entitled to summary judgment when the Claimant could not establish need in relation to a vehicle he had hired.’

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Zenith PI Blog, 27th April 2016

Source: www.zenithpi.wordpress.com

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Claim against MIB does not have protection of QOCS, High Court rules – Litigation Futures

‘A claim against the Motor Insurance Bureau (MIB) by the victim of an accident in France does not have the protection of qualified one-way costs shifting (QOCS), the High Court has ruled.

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Litigation Futures, 26th April 2016

Source: www.litigationfutures.com

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Replacing carpets owned by landlord was not breach of repair clause, says Court of Appeal – OUT-LAW.com

Posted April 25th, 2016 in appeals, damages, interpretation, landlord & tenant, leases, news, repairs by sally

‘A commercial property tenant did not breach repair covenants set out in the lease when it replaced carpet tiles in the property with strip carpeting, the Court of Appeal has ruled, overturning the High Court’s decision.’

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OUT-LAW.com, 21st April 2016

Source: www.out-law.com

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Councils to take battle over planning policies and housing to Supreme Court – Local Government Lawyer

‘Cheshire East and Suffolk Coastal Councils are looking to take a key case over what are ‘relevant policies for the supply of housing’ to the Supreme Court.’

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Local Government Lawyer, 18th April 2016

Source: www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk

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Appeal court: judge wrong to interfere with exclusion clause when wording sufficiently clear – OUT-LAW.com

‘A High Court judge was wrong to override an exclusion clause in a complex contract for the hire of an offshore drilling rig, as the parties were commercial equals and the wording of the clause was sufficiently clear, the appeal court has ruled.’

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OUT-LAW.com, 15th April 2016

Source: www.out-law.com

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